“Why are my eyes red?”
“Why do my eyes appear to be irritated and also itchy?”
Most of us had these questions at some point, either for ourselves or for the people we care for.
There are many different types of eye conditions and problems that can occur. Some are minor and don’t require any treatment, while others can be more serious and require medical intervention.
The most common eye problems include:
1 – Dry eyes: This occurs when the eyes don’t produce enough tears, or when the tears evaporate too quickly. Dry eyes can cause irritation, redness, and a burning sensation.
Treatment: Artificial tears or eye drops can help to lubricate the eyes and relieve symptoms.
2 – Allergies: Allergies can cause itchy, watery eyes.
Treatment: Antihistamines can help to relieve symptoms.
3 – Conjunctivitis: This is an inflammation of the conjunctiva, the clear membrane that covers the white part of the eye. Conjunctivitis can be caused by bacteria, viruses, or allergies.
Treatment: Conjunctivitis usually goes away on its own, but sometimes antibiotics are necessary to clear the infection.
4 – Stye: A stye is a bacterial infection of the eyelid. It appears as a red, swollen bump.
Treatment: Styes usually go away on their own, but sometimes they need to be drained by a doctor.
5 – Glaucoma: This is a group of eye conditions that damage the optic nerve. It is often caused by increased pressure in the eye.
Treatment: Glaucoma can be treated with eye drops, lasers, or surgery.
6 – Cataracts: A cataract is clouding the eye’s lens. It can cause blurred vision and difficulty seeing at night.
Treatment: Cataracts are usually treated with surgery.
7 – Age-related macular degeneration: This is a deterioration of the macula, the part of the eye responsible for central vision. It is a leading cause of blindness in older adults.
Treatment: There is no cure for macular degeneration, but treatments can slow the progression of the disease and help preserve vision.
8 – Retinal detachment: This occurs when the retina, the light-sensitive layer of tissue at the back of the eye, pulls away from the eye. It can cause vision loss.
Treatment: Retinal detachment requires surgery to reattach the retina.
9 – Diabetic retinopathy: This is a complication of diabetes that damages the blood vessels in the retina. It is a leading cause of blindness in adults.
Treatment: Diabetic retinopathy can be treated with lasers, surgery, or injected drugs.
These are just some of the most common eye conditions and problems. There are many others that can occur, so it’s important to see an eye doctor regularly to catch any problems early.
You can also pay us a visit at Ogden Pharmacy, if you live nearby in Ogden, Lynnwood, or Riverbend in Calgary, to help direct you for either an over-the-counter if you have a minor eye ailment or to your family doctor for more severe issues.