What is Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is an infection that is caused by a bacteria called Borrelia burgdorferi. This bacteria is transmitted to humans through the bite of an infected tick.
What are the symptoms of Lyme disease?
Lyme disease can cause a wide range of symptoms, depending on the stage of the disease.
The early stage of Lyme disease, known as the acute stage, is characterized by flu-like symptoms, such as fever, chills, headache, and fatigue.
A rash, known as erythema migrans, may also develop at the site of the tick bite. The rash is usually circular and may expand over time. Joint pain, stiffness, and neurological problems, such as facial palsy, are common in the early stages of Lyme disease.
The late stage of Lyme disease, known as the chronic stage, is characterized by persistent and often debilitating symptoms, such as fatigue, joint pain, and neurological problems.
How is Lyme disease diagnosed?
Lyme disease is usually diagnosed based on the presence of symptoms and a history of exposure to ticks. A blood test, known as a Lyme disease antibody test, can be used to confirm the diagnosis. Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics, although some people may experience long-term effects from the disease.
What is the treatment for Lyme disease?
Lyme disease is treated with antibiotics, although some people may experience long-term effects from the disease. The type of antibiotic used to treat Lyme disease depends on the stage of the disease.
In the early stages of Lyme disease, oral antibiotics, such as doxycycline or amoxicillin, are typically used. In the late stages of Lyme disease, intravenous antibiotics, such as ceftriaxone or penicillin, are usually used.
If you got Lyme disease, Ogden Pharmacy can work with your physician to determine the best possible course of action based on your medical history.
What are the complications and possible long-term effects of Lyme disease?
If left untreated, Lyme disease can lead to serious and long-term complications, such as:
- Lyme carditis (inflammation of the heart),
- Lyme arthritis (inflammation of the joints), and
- Lyme encephalopathy (a neurological disorder).